Torbay at War
70th ANNIVERSARY D-DAY EXHIBITION
6th June - 1st November 2014
This exhibition brought to life the dramatic events leading up to D-Day, the part played by the people of South Devon in this historic military operation, and the direct impact of World War II on the normally serene seaside towns of Torbay.
Visitors can see a wealth of artefacts from World War II, many of them with Torbay connections, from an RAF uniform and flying helmet to American and British combat uniforms and weapons. There is a Red Cross nurse’s uniform, a secret German map of Torquay, audio recordings of wartime memories of Torbay, personal items recovered from bomb damaged buildings in Torquay, and much more.
The tale of the exhibition is told through large information panels, packed with fascinating stories and photographs, some of which have never been seen in public before.
June 1940 saw Britain’s darkest hour. Forced through the heroic evacuation of Dunkirk to abandon France to the Nazis, Britain stood alone in Europe against the might of Germany’s armed forces. Civil Defence plans were implemented and Devon prepared itself for war.
Devon was directly threatened with invasion and the Home Guard took their duties very seriously. From June 1940 Torbay was under constant threat of air attack, and by the end of May 1944 there had been 642 alerts and 23 raids. This resulted in 168 people dead, 158 seriously injured and 332 wounded. A total of 137 buildings were totally destroyed and over 13,000 damaged.
The first friendly invasions in Torbay started shortly after the war began. Evacuees from London were followed by refugees from Europe, British and Commonwealth Airmen, more evacuees, the Americans, Canadians and even holiday makers. Torbay was to become a safe haven for thousands of children, particularly those escaping war torn London, and the first major influx arrived in September 1939. Evacuees to Devon outnumbered local children seven to one.
By 1944 the Allies were amassing the greatest invasion force ever assembled. Operation Overlord, the liberation of Europe, simply could not afford to fail. On 6th June 1944, the most important day of the 20th century, the future of the free world lay in the hands of the men about to assault the beaches of Normandy.
Devon played an important role in the preparations for this invasion as its coastline was similar to the landing beaches of Normandy, so many local towns were selected as embarkation points for the American forces.
Full scale rehearsals for the landings took place at Slapton Sands near Dartmouth. It was selected due to its resemblance to Utah beach. A total of 3,000 people were evacuated from the South Hams, many coming to Torbay.
The arrival of the Americans to train and prepare for the invasion of Europe created some of the biggest changes seen in South Devon during the War. The social scene boomed and friendships were forged.
Torbay at War: 70th Anniversary D-Day Exhibition runs until 1st November 2014 at Torquay Museum. The Museum is open Monday to Thursday, and Saturday, from 10am – 4pm (last admissions 3pm). The Museum is open on Fridays during school holidays.